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考研英语阅读理解精读 After receiving

来源:www.kui.cc 作者:魁网考试网
摘要:考研,英语,阅读,理解,精读,After,receiving

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考研英语阅读理解精读
  在经过半年多时间的痛苦创作之后,我也可以长长的松一口气,如期向我的学生们兑现6月份来我博客免费下载《2009考研英语阅读理解精读100篇(高分版)》的承诺了。本书共分为25个单元,每个单元有4篇文章,难度偏高。主要适合的考研人群为业已通过四级考试并希望能在考研英语考试中考取70分以上成绩的考生。希望考研的XDJM们再接再厉,每个人都能取得好成绩。
  TEXT EIGHT
  After receiving a six-year prison sentence on July 31st, Sanjay Dutt, an Indian film star, begged for bail while he appealed against it. "Sir, I made a mistake," he said. But the judge said no. Mr Dutt’s crime-to have procured two guns from Muslim mobsters who were responsible for bomb attacks in Mumbai in 1993-was serious. Yet he urged Mr Dutt, 48, to return to the silver screen after serving his sentence. "Don’t get perturbed," he said. "You have many years to go and work, like the ’Mackenna’s Gold’ actor Gregory Peck."
  Thus ended one of the longest song-and-dances in India’s criminal legal history. Mr Dutt was convicted last year, having already spent 16 months in jail. He was acquitted of direct involvement in the bombings, which killed 257 people. They were carried out in 1993 in revenge for the demolition of an ancient mosque in the Hindu holy city of Ayodhya by Hindu fanatics, and subsequent Hindu-Muslim rioting. Some 100 people have been found guilty of the bombing. They have all been sentenced in the past three months, including a dozen to death and 20 to life- imprisonment. But the alleged masterminds of the attacks are still at large. One of them, a Mumbai gangster called Dawood Ibrahim, is alleged by Indian officials to be linked to al-Qaeda and to be hiding in Pakistan.
  Despite the bleak immediate outlook, Mr Dutt, who made his name playing tough-guy anti-heroes, is unlikely to find his career much damaged. The son of two of Bollywood’s biggest stars, a Hindu-Muslim couple, he has garnered enormous sympathy for his suffering. Many Indians believe his claim that he wanted the guns to protect his family during the riots. Other Bollywood stars express support for Mr Dutt as passionately as their Hollywood peers worry about global warming.
  Then again, Bollywood is rather shady. Gangsters and crooked politicians have long laundered ill-gotten money through film productions. Indeed Mr Dutt was investigated over money-laundering allegations in 2001. Other recent Bollywood stars to grace the courts include Monica Bedi, an actress convicted of dealing in fake passports. Her accomplice was another Mumbai gangster, Abu Salem, who delivered the guns to Mr Dutt, and is currently awaiting trial for his alleged part in the 1993 bombings.
  An even bigger Bollywood star, Salman Khan, is appealing against two prison sentences of five years and one year for poaching respectively an endangered antelope and two gazelles. A Bollywood film about the case has been scheduled. Mr Khan has also had to battle a four-year-old charge that he recklessly drove his car over five people sleeping on a pavement in Mumbai, killing one of them.
  Bollywood’s biggest star, Amitabh Bachchan, also known as "the Big B", is, in contrast, venerated. Where Mr Khan is vain and brash, he has a reputation for humility and Hindu piety. But even this has been imperilled of late by revelations that Mr Bachchan and his film-star son, Abhishek, bought valuable plots of land reserved for farmers. They registered themselves thus after being allotted farmland by a former government of the state of Uttar Pradesh, led by the Samajwadi party. Mr Bachchan is close to one of the party’s leading lights, Amar Singh, a famed socialite. Mr Bachchan’s wife, Jaya, an actress, is now also a Samajwadi politician.
  1.The judge said no because _____.
  [A] he believed Dutt was wronged and showed no sympathy.
  [B] he did not think Dutt had committed a crime.
  [C] he thought Dutt had committed a serious crime.
  [D] he thought Gregory Peck was Dutt’s good example.
  2. The comparison of Bollywood stars’ support for Dutt to Holleywood’s worries about global warming implies_____.
  [A] Bollywood stars are more sympathetic than their Hollywood peers.
  [B] Bollywood stars express their support in a modest way.
  [C] Bollywood stars back up Dutt with strong support and full passion.
  [D] Bollywood stars are also concerned with environmental issues.
  3. The phrase "grace the courts" (Line 3, Paragraph 4) most probably means_____.
  [A] present oneself in the courts
  [B] appeal against the courts
  [C] be sentenced by the courts
  [D]show respect to the courts
  4. Accroding to the passage, the following adjectives can be used to describe Mr. Khan except_____.
  [A] venerated
  [B] vain and brash
  [C] reckless and mindless
  [D] cruel
  5. The best title of this passage can be _____.
  [A] The Shady Bollywood
  [B] Mr Dutt’s Legal History
  [C] Shady Stars of Bollywood
  [D] Bollywood or Bullywood
  篇章剖析:
  这篇文章主要介绍了Bollywood影星违反法律的一些个案。文章第一段、第二段介绍了影星Dutt先生的案件;第三段讲述民众对Dutt的宽容和支持;第三段开始转向Bollywood其他影星犯罪的一些情况介绍,主要介绍了影星莫尼卡的个案;第四段介绍Khan的案件;第五段介绍 Bachchan的案件。
  词汇注释:
  bail n. 保释
  procure v.获得, 取得
  at large 不受控制的;逍遥法外的;
  perturb v. 使非常烦恼;使不安,使忧虑
  demolition n. n.破坏, 毁坏
  poach v. 偷猎
  garner v.储存 anti-hero n.平凡的角色
  accomplice n. n.同谋者, 帮凶
  crooked adj. 不老实,无耻的;诈骗的
  antelope n. 羚羊
  gazelle n. 瞪羚
  peer n. 同辈, 同等的人
  socialite n. 社交名流
  venerate v. 崇敬
  难句突破:
  (1)   They were carried out in 1993 in revenge for the demolition of an ancient mosque in the Hindu holy city of Ayodhya by Hindu fanatics, and subsequent Hindu-Muslim rioting.来源:魁网
  [主体句式]  They were carried out ...
  [结构分析]  这是一个简单句,具有比较复杂的状语,有一个时间状语,一个以in revenge for引导的目的状语;在该目的状语中,有两个介词宾语,the demolition  和rioting ;而在第一个宾语中,in the Hindu city of Ayodhya 和by Hindu fanatics都是用来修饰前面的the demolition的。
  [句子译文]这些爆炸事件发生于1993年,是为了报复印度教狂热教徒毁坏了印度圣城Ayodhya一座古老的清真寺以及随后的印度--穆斯林暴乱。
  (2)   They registered themselves thus after being allotted farmland by a former government of the state of Uttar Pradesh, led by the Samajwadi party.
  [主体句式] They registered themselves...
  [结构分析] 这是一个简单句,句子的状语比较复杂。该状语是一个时间状语,状语最后的成份led by ...是一个过去分词短语,做前面the state of Utar Pradesh的定语。
  [句子译文] amajwadi领导的前Uttar Pradesh州政府分配给他们这些土地后,他们就进行了注册。 来源:魁网-考研

 

 


  题目分析:
  1.The judge said no because _____.1. 法官之所以说不是因为_____。
  [A] he believed Dutt was not wronged and showed no sympathy.[A] 他认为Dutt没有被冤枉,对他不表示丝毫同情
  [B] he did not think Dutt had committed a crime.[B] 他认为Dutt没有犯罪。
  [C] he thought Dutt had committed a serious crime.[C] 他认为Dutt 所犯罪行重大。
  [D] he thought Gregory Peck was Dutt’s good example.[D]他认为格雷戈里·派克是Dutt最好的榜样。
  [答案]D
  [难度系数] ☆☆☆☆
  [分析]细节题。本题有一定的迷惑性,要结合上下文来看。Dutt被判六年监禁,他现在在争取保释,在这种情况下,法官说不行,紧接着文章就做了说明,Dutt所犯罪行比较严重。因此,答案应选C。而具有迷惑性的是,法官说不这句话前面是Dutt说自己犯了一个错,如果考生将这两句话错误地认为是连在一起的话,就容易选错。
  2. The comparison of Bollywood stars’ support for Dutt to Holleywood’s worries about global warming implies_____.2.将Bollywood明星们对Dutt的支持和好莱坞影星对全球变暖的忧虑相比较暗示了_____。
  [A] Bollywood stars are more sympathetic than their Hollywood peers.[A] Bollywood明星要比其好莱坞的同行们
更富有同情心。
  [B] Bollywood stars express their support in a modest way.[B]Bollywood明星们以一种不愠不火的方式表达他
们的支持。
  [C] Bollywood stars back up Dutt with strong support and full passion.[C]Bollywood明星们强烈支持Dutt。
  [D] Bollywood stars are also concerned about environmental issues.[D]Bollywood明星们也很关心环境问题。
  [答案] B
  [难度系数] ☆☆☆
  [分析] 推理题。文章第三段主要讲述了公众对于Dutt的同情和支持,在提到Bollywood明星们对他的支持时,说他们表达对他的支持就好像好莱坞影星们表达对全球变暖的担忧一样。而好莱坞影星们对全球变暖的担忧并不像科学家那么真切,大多数情况下只是一种态度的表示而已,可见Bollywood明星们对 Dutt的支持也只是一种比较温和的支持而已,因此,答案B为正确答案。
  3. The phrase "grace the courts" (Line 3, Paragraph 4) most probably means_____.3. 短语"grace thecourts"(第四段第三行)最有可能的意思是_____。
  [A] present oneself in the courts[A] 出现在法庭上。
  [B] appeal against the courts[B] 向法院上诉。
  [C] be sentenced by the courts[C] 被法庭判处刑罚。
  [D] show respect to the courts[D] 向法庭表示尊重。
  [答案]A
  [难度系数] ☆
  [分析]猜词题。结合上下文来推断这个短语的意思,文中提到近期其他的这类Bollywood影星有莫尼卡,她被指控从事假护照交易。这是从Dutt转向描写其他影星,可以看出这些影星都被指控,但还没有完全证实。那么这个短语应该是受到法庭的审讯,而grace有"使......增添光彩"的意思,引申来看,意思应该是"在法庭出现",答案为A。
  4. Accroding to the passage, the following adjectives can be used to describe Mr. Khan except_____.4.根据本文,除了_____之外以下的形容词都可以用来形容Khan 先生。
  [A] venerated[A] 受崇敬的
  [B] vain and brash[B] 自负的、无礼的
  [C] reckless and mindless[C] 鲁莽的、愚笨无知的
  [D] cruel[D] 残忍的
  [答案]A
  [难度系数] ☆☆
  [分析]细节题。本文第五段和第六段有关于Khan先生的介绍,第五段介绍他因捕杀濒临灭绝的动物而被判处监禁,他还曾鲁莽地压伤几个在人行道上睡觉的人,这两点可以说明他是残忍的,也比较鲁莽。而第六段提到他是为了和Bachchan作比较。文中提到,Where Mr Khan is vain and brash, he has a reputation for humility and Hindu piety. 该句子是一个转折句,主句中的he指的是Bachchan不是Khan,因此,Khan是自负、无礼的,而Bachchan是谦逊、虔诚的。因此,答案为A。
  5. The best title of this passage can be _____.5. 文章最好的题目是_____。
  [A] The Shady Bollywood[A] 阴暗的Bollywood
  [B] Mr Dutt’s Legal History[B] Dutt先生的法律纠纷历史
  [C] Shady Stars of Bollywood[C] Bollywood的问题影星
  [D] Bollywood or Bullywood?[D] Bollywood还是坏人丛林?
  [答案]D
  [难度系数] ☆☆☆☆
  [分析] 主旨题。这篇文章由Khan先生的案例出发,介绍了Bollywood一些明星触犯法律的情况,选项B只是说明了文章介绍的一部分内容,不能作为题目;而ACD都可以作为题目,但是三个题目中D最为形象,是最好的题目。
  参考译文:
  8月31日,印度影星Sanjay Dutt被判处六年监禁,他提起上诉同时要求保释。"先生,我犯了个错,"他这样说。法官说不行。Dutt先生的罪行比较严重,从穆斯林匪徒那里拿到两支枪,而这些匪徒是1993年Mumbai爆炸袭击的主犯。不过,法官规劝48岁的Dutt先生服完行后重返银屏。"别烦恼,"他说,"你前面的路还长着呢,就像 ‘Mackenna’s Gold’的演员格雷戈里一样。"
  这样就结束了印度刑事法律历史最长的歌舞。去年Dutt被宣告有罪,已经在监狱服刑16个月。他被赦免直接参与爆炸事件的罪名,这些爆炸事件炸死了257 人。这些爆炸事件发生于1993年,是为了报复印度教狂热教徒毁坏了印度圣城Ayodhya一座古老的清真寺以及随后的印度--穆斯林暴乱。到目前已经发现有100人因该爆炸事件犯罪,并且已在过去三个月里进行了量刑,十几个人被判处死刑,20个人终身监禁。但是这些袭击的所谓的策划者仍然逍遥法外,印度官员断言其中一个名叫Dawood Ibrahim的Mumbai歹徒与基地组织有关系,目前藏匿在巴基斯坦。
  尽管Dutt先生短期的前景看起来比较黯淡,但他已经因扮演硬汉式的平凡主角而出名,不会觉得自己的事业会因此被毁坏。作为两个Bollywood最大的影星、印度--穆斯林夫妻的儿子,他已经为自己的遭遇攒够了同情。许多印度人都相信他所说的是为了在暴乱中保护自己的家庭才要枪支。其他 Bollywood明星也对Dutt先生表示支持,程度不亚于他们好莱坞同行对全球性变暖的担心。
  不过,Bollywood却是阴暗的。长时间以来许多匪徒和无耻的政客一旨在通过电影业洗黑钱。实际上,2001年Dutt先生就因为洗钱受到过调查,其他在法庭出现的Bollywood明星还有Monica Bedi,她被控从事假护照交易。其同伙是另外一个Mumbai 匪徒叫Abu Salem, 就是此人将枪支交给Dutt先生,目前他正在因被指控参加了1993年的爆炸事件而在等待审判。
  一位更大的Bollywood明星SalmanKhan目前正在提起上诉,他因偷猎濒临绝灭的羚羊和瞪羚分别被一个五年监禁,一个一年监禁。目前关于这起案子的一个Bollywood电影已经在策划中。Khan先生还得为自己之前的一个已经进行了四年的指控反抗,当时他驾车鲁莽地压过了五个躺在人行道上睡觉的人,其中一人死亡。
  相反地,Bollywood 最大的明星Amitabh Bachchan,一般人都称"大B",却受到崇敬。Khan自负而又无礼,而他但却因谦虚和印度教的虔诚而出名。但是目前有人揭发Bachchan先生和他的影星儿子Abhishek购买了本来预留给农民的宝贵的土地,因此他们也处于危险境地。Samajwadi领导的前Uttar Pradesh州政府分配给他们这些土地后,他们就进行了注册。Bachchan和该党一位著名的领袖Amar Singh,一位前社交名流交往颇密。而Bachchan先生的妻子Jaya是一位演员,她现在也是Samajwadi政治家。 来源:魁网-考研

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