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法律英语考试汉词汇(民商事通用语)辅导

来源:: 魁网考试培训网 时间:2010-08-21 15:57
法律英语考试汉词汇(民商事通用语)辅导 1、 民法通则: General Principles of the Civil Law 2、 民事权益:civil rights and interests 3、 平等主体:civi

法律英语考试汉词汇(民商事通用语)辅导
  1、 民法通则: General Principles of the Civil Law
  2、 民事权益:civil rights and interests
  3、 平等主体:civil subjects with equal status
  4、 财产关系和人身关系:property relationships and personal relationships
  5、 等价有偿:making compensation for equal value
  6、 诚实信用:honesty and credibility
  7、 适用中国法律:be governed by the law of PRC (The law of PRC shall apply to)
  8、 法律另有规定:otherwise stipulated by law
  9、 无国籍人:stateless persons
  10、 民事权利能力:the capacity for civil rights
  11、 完全民事权利能力:full capacity for civil conduct
  12、 限制民事行为能力人:a person with limited capacity for civil conduct
  13、 无民事行为能力人:a person having no capacity for civil conduct
  14、 法定代理人: agent ad litem
  15、 代理民事活动:be represented in civil activities by
  16、 监护人:guardian
  17、 户籍所在地:the place where his residence is registered
  18、 住所:domicile
  19、 经常居住地:habitual residence
  20、 居民委员会:the neighborhood committee
  21、 村民委员会:the village committee
  22、 民政部门:the civil affairs department
  23、 履行监护职责:fulfill duty of guardianship
  24、 承担责任:be held responsible
  25、 造成财产损失:cause any property loss
  26、 宣告为无(限制)民事行为能力人:declare … to be a person to be without or with limited capacity for civil conduct
  27、 下落不明 one's whereabouts have been unknown
  28、 个体工商户:individual businesses
  29、 农村承包经营户:leaseholding farm households
  30、 个人合伙:individual partnership
  31、 合伙人:partnerss
  32、 承担民事责任:bear civil liability for
  33、 按照出资比例:in proportion to one's respective contributions to the investment
  34、 承担连带责任:undertake joint liability for
  35、 追偿:claim compensation from
  36、 法人: legal person
  37、 法人组织章程:the articles of association of the legal person
  38、 主要办事机构:the main administrative office
  39、 全民所有制企业:an enterprise owned by the whole people
  40、 集体所有制企业:an enterprise under collective ownership
  41、 经主管机关核准登记:approved and registered by the competent authority
  42、 工商行政管理机关:the administrative agency for industry and commerce
  43、 核准登记的经营范围:within the range approved and registered
  44、 企业法人分立、合并:the division and merger of an enterprise as legal person
  45、 权利和义务:the rights and obligations
  46、 办理注销登记:cancel the registration
  47、 企业法人解散:disbanding of an enterprise as legal person
  48、 企业法人被撤销:the dissolution of an enterprise as legal person
  49、 事业单位:institution
  50、 社会团体:social organization
  51、 经济实体:economic entity
  52、 取得法人资格:be qualified as a legal person
  53、 意思表示真实:the intention expressed is genuine
  54、 擅自变更或者解除(民事法律行为):alter or rescind one's act arbitrarily
  55、 以欺诈、胁迫的手段:as a result of cheating or coercion
  56、 乘人之危:take advantage of one's unfavorable position
  57、 以合法形式掩盖非法目的:perform under the guise of legitimate acts which conceal illegitimate purposes
  58、 具有法律约束力:be legally binding
  59、 请求人民法院或者仲裁机关予以变更:request a people's court or an arbitration agency to alter
  60、 恶意串通:conspire maliciously
  61、 有过错的一方:the erring party
  62、 附条件的民事法律行为:conditional civil juristic acts
  63、 委托代理:entrusted agency
  64、 法定代理:statutory agency
  65、 指定代理:appointed agency
  66、 委托代理人:an entrusted agent
  67、 被代理人:the principal
  68、 行使代理权:exercise the power of agency
  69、 采用书面形式:in writing
  70、 超越代理权:beyond the scope of one's power of agency
  71、 代理权终止:the expiration of one's power of agency
  72、 本人名义:in one's name
  73、 查封、扣押、冻结、没收:seize, encroach upon, privately divide, destroy or illegally seal up, distrain, freeze or confiscate
  74、 财产继承权:the right of inheritance
  75、 优先购买的权利:a right of pre-emption
  76、 埋藏物、隐藏物:buried or concealed object
  77、 遗失物、漂流物:lost-and-found objects, flotsam
  78、 买卖、出租、抵押、转让:be sold, leased, mortgaged or transferred
  79、 设立、变更、终止民事关系:establish, change or terminate civil relationship
  80、 按照确定的份额分享权力:be entitled to rights in proportion to his proper share of the credit
  81、 按照确定的份额分担义务:assume obligations in proportion to his proper share of the debt
  82、 享有连带权利的每个债权人:each of the joint creditors
  83、 负有连带义务的每个债务人:each of the joint debtors
  84、 有权向债务人追偿:have the right to claim repayment from the debtor
  85、 提供一定的财产作为抵押物:offer a specific property as a pledge
  86、 以抵押物折价或者以变卖抵押物的价款优先得到偿还:to keep the pledge to offset the debt or have priority in satisfying his claim out of the proceeds from the sale of the pledge
  87、 给付定金:leave a deposit with the other party
  88、 双倍返还定金:repay the deposit in double
  89、 占有人有权留置该财产:the possessor shall have a lien on the property
  90、 将合同的权利、义务全部或部分转让给第三人:transfer all or part of its contractual rights or obligations to a third party
  91、 取得不当得利:profits acquired improperly and without a lawful basis
  92、 无因管理:act as manager or provide services in order to protect another person's interests when he is not legally or contractually obligated to do so
 

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